Glossary

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Transliteration Hebrew Definition
Sefer Torah

סֵפֶר תּוֹרָה

Torah scroll.

Shabbat

שַׁבָּת

The Jewish Sabbath, from sundown Friday evening through sundown Saturday evening.

Shabbat Shalom

שַׁבָּת שַׁלוֹם

The typical greeting for Shabbat.

Shacharit

שַׁחֲרִית

The morning prayer service.

Shalom

שָׁלוֹם

Peace; also a word for greeting and for farewell.

Shana Tova

שַׁנָה טוֹבָה

Happy New Year. The typical greeting for Rosh HaShanah

Shavua Tov

שַׁבוּעַ טוֹב

A Good Week; the typical greeting after Shabbat ends.

Shavuot

שַׁבוּעוֹת

Festival of the Giving of the Torah.

Shehecheyanu

שֶׁהֶחֱיָנו

Special blessing recited on holidays, lifecycle milestones, upon receiving new clothes, or other special beginnings.

Sheloshim

שְׁלוֹשִׁים

The 30-day period after a loved one dies.

Shema

שְׁמַע

In Jewish prayer, the declaration of God’s unity (from Deuteronomy 6:4).

Shemini Atzeret

שְׁמִינִי עֲצֶרֶת

“Eighth Day of Assembly,” a festival which brings Sukkot to a close.

Shiva

שִׁיבַע

The seven-day period immediately after a funeral.

Shoah

שׁוֹאָה

“The Holocaust,” the Jewish term for the genocidal annihilation of Europe’s Jews during the Nazi era.

Shofar

שׁוֹפַר

Ram’s horn sounded on Rosh HaShanah and at the end of Yom Kippur.

Siddur

סִידוּר

Prayerbook.

Simchat Torah

שִׂמְחַת תּוֹרָה

Celebration of completing the annual cycle of Torah reading.

Sivan

סִיוָן

The third month of the Jewish Calendar. Shavuot is on the 6th of Sivan.

Sukkot

סֻכּוֹת

Fall harvest festival.