Glossary

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Transliteration Hebrew Definition
Maror

מַרוֹר

“Bitter herbs,” often horseradish or romaine lettuce, eaten at the Passover seder as a reminder of the harsh bitterness of slavery.

Matzah

מַצָה

Unleavened bread eaten on Pesach.

Mazel Tov

מַזָל טוֹב

Congratulations! (Literally, “good fortune.”)

Menorah

מְנוֹרָה

A lamp.

Mensch (Yiddish)

מענטש

A kind, good-hearted, Mitzvah-oriented person.

Menschlichkeit (Yiddish)

מענטשליקייט

The state of being a Mensch.

Mezuzah

מְזוּזָה

A ritual object that marks the doorposts of a Jewish home.

Mi Shebeirach

מִי שֶׁבֵּרַךְ

A category of prayers, most commonly referring to the public prayer for healing.

Mikveh

מִקְוֵה

A ritual bath used for transformative moments in the cycle of life.

Milchig (Yiddish)

מילכיק

Dairy products, not to be mixed with meat according to the laws of Kashrut.

Minyan

מִנְיַן

A quorum of 10 Jews over the age of 13 to conduct a Jewish prayer service.

Mishkan

מִשְׁכַּן

In Biblical times, the portable sanctuary that was the focal point of Jewish worship during the generation of the wilderness.

Mitzvah

מִצְוָה

A primary Jewish action; a commandment from the Torah.

Mitzvot

מִצְוֹת

Plural of Mitzvah.

Motzi

מוֹצִיא

The blessing recited upon eating bread or challah.