Glossary

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Transliteration Hebrew Definition
Adar

אֲדָר

The twelfth month of the Jewish Calendar (and in a year with a leap month, Adar II is the thirteenth month). Purim is on 14th of Adar (or Adar II).

Aliyah

עֲלִיָּה

From the Hebrew word that means "to go up". People are honored to go up to the Torah during its reading. They recite prayers before and after the reader chants a section.

Aron Kodesh

אֲרוֹן קדֶשׁ

“Holy Ark,” the container in the sanctuary that contains the Torah scrolls.

Av

אַב

The fifth month of the Jewish Calendar. Tisha B'Av is on the 9th of Av.